Exploratory Factor Analysis with Structured Residuals for Brain 3 Network Data
van Kesteren, E. J., & Kievit, R. A. (2020). Exploratory factor analysis with structured residuals for brain network data. Network Neuroscience, 1-45.
Dimension reduction is widely used and often necessary to make network analyses and their 10 interpretation tractable by reducing high dimensional data to a small number of underlying 11 variables. Techniques such as Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) are used by neuroscientists to 12 reduce measurements from a large number of brain regions to a tractable number of factors. 13 However, dimension reduction often ignores relevant a priori knowledge about the structure of the 14 data. For example, it is well established that the brain is highly symmetric. In this paper, we (a) 15 show the adverse consequences of ignoring a priori structure in factor analysis, (b) propose a 16 technique to accommodate structure in EFA using structured residuals (EFAST), and (c) apply 17 this technique to three large and varied brain imaging network datasets, demonstrating the 18 superior fit and interpretability of our approach. We provide an R software package to enable 19 researchers to apply EFAST to other suitable datasets.